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Guidance on Definitions of Race and Ethnicity as established by the EEOC

Definitions of race and ethnicity categories

Hispanic or Latino: A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.


White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.


Black or African American: A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa.


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander: A person having origins in any of the peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.


Asian: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.


American Indian or Alaska Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America), and who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment.


Two or More Races: All persons who identify with more than one of the above five races (White, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native). For the purposes of this group, identifying as Hispanic or Latino and only one of the listed 5 race groups does NOT qualify.


1The 2023 EEO-1 Component 1 Instruction Booklet may be accessed at the following link on the EEOC’s dedicated EEO-1 Component 1 website (www.eeocdata.org/eeo1): https://www.eeocdata.org/pdfs/2023_EEO_1_Component_1_Instruction_Booklet.pdf. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is in the process of reviewing and revising its standards for maintaining, collecting, and presenting federal data on race and ethnicity. See https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/briefing-room/2022/06/15/reviewingand-revising-standards-for-maintaining-collecting-and-presenting-federal-data-on-race-and-ethnicity/. The EEOC will carefully consider the revision to the federal standards for collecting race and ethnicity data, which are expected by summer 2024, for use in future data collections.

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